1031 Exchange

February 15, 2013

Linville | Team Partners is proud to have represented HRL Properties, LLC in the sale of Cedar Grove Mobile Home Park and the subsequent 1031 Tax Deferred Exchange into 720 Park Centre Dr in Kernersville, NC and Vineyard Brook Apartments in Winston-Salem, NC.

To learn more about how a 1031 Tax Deferred Exchange transaction can benefit you in the sale of your commercial real estate assets call Aubrey Linville or Coleman Team at Linville | Team Partners.

What is a 1031 Tax Deferred Exchange?  Here are the basics:

In a typical transaction, the property owner is taxed on any gain realized from the sale. However, through a Section 1031 Exchange, the tax on the gain is deferred until some future date.

Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code provides that no gain or loss shall be recognized on the exchange of property held for productive use in a trade or business, or for investment. A tax-deferred exchange is a method by which a property owner trades one or more relinquished properties for one or more replacement properties of "like-kind", while deferring the payment of federal income taxes and some state taxes on the transaction.

The theory behind Section 1031 is that when a property owner has reinvested the sale proceeds into another property, the economic gain has not been realized in a way that generates funds to pay any tax. In other words, the taxpayer's investment is still the same, only the form has changed (e.g. vacant land exchanged for apartment building). Therefore, it would be unfair to force the taxpayer to pay tax on a "paper" gain.

The like-kind exchange under Section 1031 is tax-deferred, not tax-free. When the replacement property is ultimately sold (not as part of another exchange), the original deferred gain, plus any additional gain realized since the purchase of the replacement property, is subject to tax.

What are the benefits of exchanging v. selling?

  • A Section 1031 exchange is one of the few techniques available to postpone or potentially eliminate taxes due on the sale of qualifying properties.
  • By deferring the tax, you have more money available to invest in another property. In effect, you receive an interest free loan from the federal government, in the amount you would have paid in taxes.
  • Any gain from depreciation recapture is postponed.
  • You can acquire and dispose of properties to reallocate your investment portfolio without paying tax on any gain.

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